Early intervention brain mapping - Sandy El Kaouri - Mind Map

Early intervention brain mapping - Sandy El Kaouri Mind Map
 
 
 
 

Early intervention brain mapping - Sandy El Kaouri - Mind Map

14 days ago by: sandy Ahmad
 
 
Brain map of early intervention
  • Early intervention
    • Early intervention is a support system that consists of several services aimed at helping children with special needs at early stages
      • Children with special needs are:
        • Children with a diagnosed disability
        • Children at risk for developmental delays
        • Children with developmental delays
      • Early intervention is very important, needs a lot of knowledge to understand, and applied so that
        • Children at risk
          • Are less likely to be assigned to special education classes
          • Are less likely to be held back a grade
          • Establish a positive feelings towards high school and have ambitions so that they're are more likely to graduate
          • Lower down deliquient behaviors
          • Increase the likelihood of them securing a gainful employment
        • Children with disabilities
          • Have more autonomy over their daily activities
          • Are less likely to need 24/7 care
          • Are more likely to get employed
          • Are less likely to display delinquent behaviors and get in trouble
    • Educational field
      • Education expands our knowledge regarding disabilities and how to best deal with it through research and educational theories
        • The influence of Itard, and the wild boy of Aveyron
          • The Skeel and Dye study
            • Atypical orphaned children exhibited significant improvement once taken care of by mentally disabled women
            • This study showed the importance of affection, care, and looking after children at a young age.
            • Obvious evidence of the importance of early intervention and its significant effectiveness
        • The influence of Montessori
          • Her teaching method that revolutionized the field of early education
          • She placed emphasis on games as a method to develop several skills and abilities
          • Casa dei Bambini or the house of children promote independence of children and providing support so children obtain mastery of self and surrounding
      • Educational services
        • Helps in fostering autonomy and social interactions
        • Assessments
          • children are followed up through assessments to ensure progress and monitor other needs
            • Checklists
              • Checking for how many times a child exhibits tantrums per day.
            • Social mapping
              • It is used by teachers to map the social relationships in classrooms. It can help the teacher identify students lacking social interactions; this will prompt the teacher to work on the child's social skills in case he/she has any problems and try to include the child more into the classroom
        • Special educators
          • Modifying the curriculum
            • Creating a similar curriculum to the general class curriculum but with some differences to match the child's needs and his IEP
          • Assessment modifications
            • Ask a child with a certain disability to tell the story to the teacher with the main events and characters instead of undergoing a comprehension test using pen and paper
          • Assistance in providing referrals to more specialized professionals
            • Referring a child that exhibits features of a learning disorder to a psychologist to be assessed
          • Applying classroom accommodations
            • Seating
            • Certain needs in assessments like allowing a child to use and Ipad instead of paper and pen
            • Lighting
            • Protective tools
              • Having a chair with a pillow at the back of the head for a child that keeps bumping his head back
    • Therapeutic services
      • Speech Therapists
        • Help with receptive and expressive language
        • Articulation
        • Assistance with oral/motor and feeding issues
        • Assessments
        • Assistance with hearing aides
        • Aid with communication boards
        • Assistance with speech therapy
      • Occupational therapists
        • Help With Eye/Hand Coordination
        • Help With Fine Motor Skills
        • Help With Proprioception
        • Help With The Vestibular System
      • Physio-Therapists
        • Assistance with gross motor issues
        • Assistance with head/neck control issues
        • Help with propriocetive issues;
        • Help with vestibular issues
        • Help With Equipment
        • Help With Arm Movement And Range Of Motion
        • Help With Balance
        • Going Up And Down The Stairs
        • Climbing Structures
      • Orientation and mobility specialists
      • Behavior interventionists
      • Teacher's aides
      • Psychologists
        • Psychologists usually screen for mental disabilities or learning disorders.
          • To learn more about how a psychological assessment goes, watch this video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DNu4WiQaVTI
    • Medical field
      • Findings, research, and theories in the medical field provide information and evidence needed for early intervention
        • ‘Sensitive periods’ in early brain development
      • Medical services
        • Hearing specialists
        • Audiologists
        • Vision specialists
        • School nurse
        • General practitioners
        • Pediatricians
        • Geneticists
        • Orthopedists
    • Language and terminology
      • Not using "normal and abnormal children" and using "typical and atypical children" instead
      • Not using "retarded" because disability is not an internal disposition. It is mostly needs that are unmet in the society
      • We all have special needs; therefore, there should not be "us" and "them.
      • Please watch the following video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bdx95EnWkms
        • This video shows how and why the word "retarded" is no longer used and is now replaced with "mentally disabled" (ABC news, 2010).
    • The Child Development Field
      • Developmental theories help in pointing out any developmental delays and help in providing optimal development
        • Jean Piaget's theories
          • Cognitive development theory
        • Lev Vygotsky
          • Sociocultural theory
        • John Bowlby
          • Theory of attachment
        • Erik Erikson
          • Stages of psychosocial development
        • Bronfenbrenner & Sameroff
          • The Sameroff Model
    • Current service models
      • Collaborative partnership
        • Communication
        • Commitment
        • Equality
        • Skills
        • Trust
        • Respect
      • Family-centred
      • Home-based intervention
      • Center-based intervention
      • Home/center-based intervention
      • Community-based intervention
      • Culturally sensitive
        • Takes religion into consideration
        • Takes socio-economic status into consideration
        • Takes family type into consideration
        • Takes micro-culture into consideration
    • The inclusion Model
      • Treating disabilities and atypical persons as typical individuals with specific special needs
      • Inclusion in the household
        • Treating the atypical child with equity in home; treating him/her like his/her siblings while attending to his/her special needs
      • Inclusive education system
        • One specific example would be including technology in the educational system to provide visual support to the whole classroom and not just for the child with a special need. This way children with special needs will not feel excluded or different and "special needs children."
          • Technology could facilitate the use of visual supports such as visual schedules. Visual schedules prove to be helpful to all children and especially children with ASD (Bennie, 2017; Harrower, 2001). They also lower down misbehaviors in classrooms because expectations would be clearly and visually communicated with young children (Howell, 2019).
      • Inclusive society
        • Educating the society about people with special needs through educations campaigns and advertisements to promote acceptance of individuals with special needs and preserving their dignity
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