Learning Words in a Second Language - Mind Map

Learning Words in a Second Language Mind Map
 
 
 
 

Learning Words in a Second Language - Mind Map

22 days ago by: RACHEL VASHISTH
 
 
  • Learning Words in a Second Language
    • Students learn ~3,000 words/ year
      • Of these there are 100 of the most frequently used words in English
      • To grow vocabulary students must have effective, early, & systematic vocabulary instruction
    • Importance of Communication with English Proficient Speakers
      • Language acquired through listening, talking, and reading
    • Knowing a word
      • 1st Language Knowledge is helpful
      • Basic Oral Vocabulary
    • Shared Book Reading Strategy
      • Comprehension and decoding skills
        • Learn ~12 words/week
      • Reading as a springboard for teaching new vocabulary
        • affixes, cognates, morphological relationships, & comprehension meaning
    • Independent Reading
      • SSR improves comprehension, and oral language development
        • Learn incidental vocabulary
      • Average reader learns 800-1200 words FROM CONTEXT each year
      • Important that books are ones they can read with accuracy, fluency, and comprehension
    • Semantic Mapping leads to higher comprehension
    • Vocabulary Learning Tasks
      • Receptive (We understand when heard)
        • Productive (we USE)
      • Oral, Receptive/Written, Productive/Oral, Productive/Written
    • Home factors
      • SES affects Language Learning
      • Shared Book Reading at Home and in School
    • Learning from selected, educational TV programs
    • Remember that SOME vocabulary instruction is better than NO instruction
    • First Language Proficiency is so important
      • Can sometimes Infer meaning of words from first language
        • word cognates
    • Instructional Context and patterns differ from state to state
    • Rich Vocabulary instruction looks like:
      • 1. Grade appropriate text with intro of words
      • 2. student-friendly definitions with explanations
      • 3. questions and prompts to increase engagement
      • 4. explanation of words in context
      • 5. opportunity to act out words (especially for younger students)
      • 6. Visual Aids
      • 7. encouragement to pronounce, spell, write words
    • Vocabulary instruction should also include differentiated instruction, repetition and reinforcement, scaffolding
      • Also! Need MULTIPLE encounters with words
    • Definitional and conceptual instruction is important and more effective than strictly using definitions.
      • picture cards can be helpful
      • Dictionary definitions with meanings and explanations that are kid friendly
        • Dictionary definitions are deliberately decontextualized, so kids need these definitions explained
    • Using Context Clues to learn new words
      • Need to verify inferences
      • teach contextual analysis and morphological analysis
        • Also teaching Clue instruction helpful
    • Teach Word Parts
      • inflections, derivational suffixes, prefixes, & Latin and Greek Roots
        • helpful to ELL students and Native speakers
      • fostering word consciousness
        • morphological awareness, syntactic awareness, semantic awareness
    • Some students can use cognates to help with language development
      • Be cognizant of false cognates
    • Student Motivation, as in all things, is important
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