Non-Human Primates (By Nico S) - Mind Map

Non-Human Primates (By Nico S) Mind Map
 
 
 
 

Non-Human Primates (By Nico S) - Mind Map

5 days ago by: Nico Sartori
 
 
Primate Taxonomy and behaviors.
  • Non-Human Primates (By Nico S)
    • Phylogenetics
      • The study of the branching relationships of populations as they give rise to multiple descendant populations over evolutionary time; therefore reconstructing evolutionary histories.
      • This can lead to cladistics which is a method that uses shared derived traits to create ancestor-descendant trees. This can determine which species are more closely related such as apes and humans.
      • Divergent Evolution vs. Convergent Evolution
      • Fun Fact
        • Phylogenetics is a HYPOTHESIS! created using living or fossil species.
    • Primate Taxonomy
      • Strepsirrhines
        • Lemur
        • Loris
        • Galago
      • Haplorrhines
        • Tarsier
        • Monkeys
        • Apes
      • Characteristics include larger brains which bring more complex behaviors, claws modified into nails, grasping hands & feet, forward facing eyes, tails, opposable thumbs etc.
        • These characteristics can help differentiate between primates and non-primates but as well interpret similarities to humans from other primates.
      • Fun Fact
        • Aye-aye's locate grubs through percussive sound.
    • Primate Behavior
      • Social behavior can increase and individual's fitness and enhance survival and reproduction.
      • Grouping can attain protection from predators, locating and protecting resources, access to mates, and long-term bonds that help develop social behaviors and communication skills. However, this leads to competition.
      • Residence patterns are determined by food distribution and predation.
      • Fun Fact
        • Larger males kill young by practicing infanticide.
    • Speciation
      • Species tend to be overlapping categories rather than completely distinct units.
      • Biological, environmental, and morphological species concepts will generally recognize many of the same "species", although not always.
      • Results in one species diverging into multiple species known as speciation which can lead to many diverse species and adaptations.
      • Fun Fact
        • Speciation of Cichlids with over 500 very different species.
    • How Does this help Understand Human Diversity and Evolution?
        • Phylogenetics has helped us determine common ancestors between primates and allowed us to determine chimpanzees are most closely related to humans.
        • Studying chimpanzee's behaviors such as understanding trade and value, development of tools, and learning from others have shown similar characteristics to humans.
        • The development of larger brains allowed for complex behaviors which expanded human niche in adapting to environmental stressors and understanding one's culture.
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