Urbanization Mind Map
 
 
 
 

Urbanization - Mind Map

20 days ago by: Chase Doles
 
 
  • Urbanization
    • Skyscrapers
      • as populations grew demand raised prices of land causing owners to build upward instead of out ward saving money
      • ten story Home insurance building built in 1885 in Chicago was the first skyscraper
      • Chicagos own Louis Sullivan contributed more to skyscrapers more than anyone else. he used simple lines and spacious windows using plate glass in his designs
    • Separation of class
      • High society: during the last half of the 1800s the wealthiest families established fashionable districts inthe hearts of cities.
      • Middle-Class Gentility:American industrializationnot only made the wealth of people like Potter Palmer possible; it also helped create a growing middle class.
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      • The Working Class:The majority of American citydwellers at the turn of the century would have consider red an eight-room house an absolute luxury. In New York, three out of four residents squeezed intotenements, dark and crowded multi-family apartments.
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    • Migration to City's
      • After the Civil War ended, about three decades, American city's grew in population. For example, New York City, had a population of around 800,000 in 1860, grew to nearly 3.5 million by 1900.
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      • A man named Lloyd Wright Studied Chicago's population. The city swelled from 109,000 residents in 1860, to more than 1.6 million by 1900.
      • The United States went from around 131 cities to over 1,700 within 60 years. The population grew at a high, and steady pase.
      • The reasoning for all of the fast growing population in cities? Money. It was a hard living for most people to live out in the country unless you were a farmer or rancher. There were more job opportunities in the city.
    • Urabn Politics
      • The bosses who ran the political machines also controlled the city's finances. Many machine politicians as a result of fraud or graft
      • The political machine an informal political group designed to gain and keep power
      • A new kind of political system developed to meet these urban problems. This system provided essential city services in return for political power
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