What is Archaeology Mindmap 1.1 - Mind Map

What is Archaeology Mindmap 1.1 Mind Map
 
 
 
 

What is Archaeology Mindmap 1.1 - Mind Map

20 days ago by: Natalie Rafailov
 
 
  • What is Archaeology?
    • The Speculative Phase
      • Speculating about humans' past led to explaining how and why society is the way it came to be.
        • Scholars and rules studied objects on their own from the earlier civilizations.
          • "Cabinets of curiosities"
            • Unique ancient artifacts being displayed aimlessly along with other objects considered natural history.
    • The First Excavations
      • Excavations were initiated on the most well known sites.
        • Pompeii's Mt. Vesuvius buried the city until its rediscovery in 1748.
          • Intentions to excavate Pompeii led to several influences on furniture and decoration.
        • Thomas Jefferson's "first scientific excavation in the history of archaeology"
          • East of the Mississippi River had questionable mounds.
            • Scientific Approach
              • Jefferson tested the mounds against hard data.
                • Stratigraphy was recognized: human bones weren't as well preserved in the lower layers.
    • Three Age System
      • Stone Age
        • Paleolithic (Old Stone Age)
        • Neolithic (New Stone Age)
      • Bronze Age
        • Less applicable to Africa and the Americas
      • Iron Age
        • Iron was not being used before European conquest.
    • Modern Archaeology
      • Stratification of rocks
        • Uniformitarianism
          • Ancient conditions were similar to present time.
          • Applies to humans
            • Modern archaeology: the past was similar to the present.
    • Old World vs. New World
      • Napoleon's military expedition 1798-1800.
        • Discovery of the Rosetta Stone
          • Led to the key to understanding Egyptian hieroglyphic writing.
            • Eventually unlocked the key to understanding Mesopotamian cuneiform writing.
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