Words in a Second Language - Mind Map

Words in a Second Language Mind Map
 
 
 
 

Words in a Second Language - Mind Map

26 days ago by: Dill Skibs
 
 
Dylan Skiby ESL
  • Words in a Second Language
    • Individual Word
      • What is a word?
        • Oral receptive: Understand words we hear
        • Written receptive: understanding words we read
        • Oral productive: words we say
        • written productive: words we write
      • Knowing a word
        • Word Meaning
          • Understanding of the word
          • Recollection
          • Metaphones
      • How many words are there?
        • 88,000-180,000
          • Based on textbook collection of words
          • Includes forms, meanings, and idioms
        • Not a reflection of how many words an individual knows
      • How many words can students learn?
        • Native English speakers
          • 3,000/year
          • About 10,000 in 3rd grade
          • About 40,000 by 12th grade
        • ELL's
          • 1,000 per year
          • Language vocabulary gap takes years to close (if ever)
    • ELL Vocabulary Development
      • Home & School
        • Socioeconomics
          • Historically, less income = lower performance in school
          • More income = more resources fro language development
            • Tutors
            • Libraries
            • Books for keeping
        • Interactions
          • Shared book reading
            • Improves student understanding
            • Provides higher contextual clues for students
          • Home language
            • English at home = greater vocabulary & greater literacy skills
      • Instructional Context
        • Vocabulary
          • Need practice with context (real world application)
          • Needed in all content areas
            • Science
            • Math
            • Culinary Arts
            • Photography
            • Art
          • ELA classes focus 14% of time on Vocab but only 1.4% of time on outside content vocab. This is why it needs to be in each class.
      • First Language Proficiency
        • Cognates
          • Similar meaning, spelling, or pronunciation = better with the vocabulary in English
        • Skills
          • Writing
          • Oral
          • Family routines
          • Multiple modalities within subgroups
            • Professional
            • Academic
            • Social
        • Varies
          • Age
          • Exposure to schooling and language
          • Schooling in native language (familiar with routines and how to complete academics)
    • Vocabulary Instruction
      • Language Experiences
        • TV
          • Good for ELL students if it has captions
          • Provides Contextual Clues
        • Independent Reading
          • Large amount of vocabulary
          • Ok for ELL students
          • Needs 8-10 repetitions for a student to potentially understand the word
          • Provides partial mastery, not full comprehension
        • Shared Book Reading
          • Good for native English speakers and ELL students
          • Adult reads and stops to discuss highlights
          • Outcomes: oral language vocabulary, syntax, grammar, listening comprehension
          • Needs several years to bridge the language gap between ELL's and native English speakers
      • Individual Words
        • Need meaning, application, and context
        • Reinforce words through discussion, writing, speaking, and listening
        • Mind Mapping
          • Hypothesis
          • Activate prior knowledge on subject
        • Grade appropriate
          • Words
          • Texts
          • Definitions
        • Visual Aids
          • TV
          • Storybooks
          • Puppetry
      • Strategies
        • Word Parts
          • Consider the following
            • Roots
            • Suffix
            • Prefix
            • Inflections
            • Markers
          • Students incoming (native speakers) understand most inflections
          • Effects of instruction
            • Meaning
            • Identification
        • Dictionary
          • Usually not age appropriate
          • Make sure it is new and age appropriate
          • Needs context with it
          • Not successful isolated
        • Contextual Clues
          • What surrounds an unknown word?
            • Inferring the meaning of the word
          • Skepticism
            • Hard to teach this skill
            • Inconsistent results
            • Not always right with answers
      • Word Consciousness
        • Syntax
        • Semantics
        • Morphology
        • Needed for successful language acquisition
        • Students need motivation
          • Should be intrinsic
      • Considerations
        • Hypothesis and review/preview books with students and kids
        • Do not shun their native language in the class, rather use it in the lessons
        • Use bilingual texts
        • BICS comes before CALP in fluency
          • CALP is a forever acquisition
          • BICS happens in 1-4 years
        • Repeat & Reinforce
          • Read
          • Write
          • Act
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